Sex offender registries in the United States consist of federal and state level systems designed to collect information of convicted sex offenders for law enforcement and public notification purposes. The public does not have access to the registry; it is available to employers of people who work with children or mentally disabled people, to authorities responsible for licensing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and to those responsible for approving foster care and adoptions. Such places are usually schools, worship centers, and parks, but could also include public venues stadiums , airports, apartments, malls, major retail stores, college campuses, and certain neighborhoods unless for essential business. Regardless of whether they are at work, offenders must extinguish all outside residential lighting and post a sign stating, "No candy or treats at this residence - sex offender at this residence". Information pertaining to names, addresses, physical description and vehicles are made public via official websites. Child Support Enforcement Child support enforcement matters are generally handled by local and state authorities, and not by the federal government. Extraterritorial Sexual Exploitation of Children To report an incident or suspicious situation that may involve the extraterritorial sexual exploitation of children, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center NHTRC at , or file a confidential online report at http: The thought of getting on the sex offender registry may or may not deter non-sex offenders from committing sex crimes.
In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure. Instead, registration is a mandatory collateral consequence of criminal conviction. Regardless of the outcome, the employer had taken appropriate steps to protect itself and the people in its workplace. A non-compliant or unregistered sex offender in violation of state registration law is not necessarily in violation of the federal registration law 18 U. The office manager described above determined she could not keep the employee on the payroll because the employee did pose a potential risk. The study also showed that blocks in Washington DC where sex offenders lived did not have higher molestation rates than blocks where sex offenders did not live. You may also wish to report these persons to local and state law enforcement personnel. Such places are usually schools, worship centers, and parks, but could also include public venues stadiums , airports, apartments, malls, major retail stores, college campuses, and certain neighborhoods unless for essential business. Ohio has a publicly accessible registry for people convicted five or more times of drunken driving. The Supreme Court of the United States has upheld sex offender registration laws twice, in two respects. In the United States offenders are often classified in three categories: To report a child support enforcement issue, contact your local or state law enforcement agency. No doubt about it: In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction. A study found no evidence that New York's registry or notification laws reduced sexual offenses by rapists, child molesters, sexual recidivists, or first-time sex offenders. A November Maryland Court of Appeals ruling exempts homeless persons from that state's registration requirements, which has prompted a drive to compose new laws covering this contingency. Prostitution of Children To report an incident or suspicious situation that may involve the prostitution of children, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center NHTRC at , or file a confidential online report at http: In some states, they may also be barred from voting after a sentence has been completed and, at the federal level, barred from owning firearms, like all felons. In some US jurisdictions, the level of offender is reflecting the evaluated recidivism risk of the individual offender, while in others, the level is designated merely by the virtue of conviction, without assessing the risk level posed by the offender. Some states exclude low tier offenders from public registries while in others, all offenders are publicly listed. United Kingdom[ edit ] In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register ViSOR is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act , those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted people thought to be at risk of offending. Texas has not released anyone in the 15 years since the program was started. Some states have disclosed some of Tier I offenders,  while in some states all Tier I offenders are excluded from public disclosure. In New York specifically, kidnapping and unlawful imprisonment are registerable offenses only if the victim is under 17 and the offender is not a parent of the victim. To report a child custody or visitation issue, contact your local or state law enforcement agency. There will be circumstances in which it is patently obvious that the employee is not suitable for employment.
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